Green Coastal Shipping partners choose projects
The Norwegian Green Coastal Shipping initiative has selected five pilot projects to develop, encompassing ships of several types fuelled by LNG, battery power and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), as well as an environmentally friendly port project.
The initiative, launched at the start of the year, is coordinated by class society DNV GL in partnership with 25 maritime industry partners and the local authorities. The partners envisaged a diverse coastal fleet running partly or entirely on green fuels.
The first pilot project, owned by Nor Lines, is to develop a cost-effective and profitable containership with a plug-in LNG/battery hybrid propulsion system. The vessel will be designed to ply short sea routes with no emissions during port sailing or operations.
The second project, owned by Teekay, will investigate the use of batteries and volatile organic compounds (VOC) – a potential energy source generated in offshore loading and liquidised to prevent emissions - to fuel a shuttle tanker. Battery technology has yet to be implemented in shuttle tankers.
The third pilot, owned by ABB and the Cargo Freighters’ Association, is to define an optimised hybrid system that achieves improved efficiency and redundant operations. Øytank Bunkerservice and the Norwegian Gas Association will own a fourth project, converting an LNG carrier for LNG/battery hybrid propulsion to explore the potential cost benefits of retrofitting for small LNG carriers.
The objective of the fifth project is to develop a port, owned by Risavika Harbour in Stavanger, with low-energy consumption and a minimal carbon footprint. Electrified operations – including heavy duty vehicles and cranes – will feature, will cold ironing and plug-in services will be provided for vessels.
Programme director Narve Mjøs reported that the first-phase assessment, which will be carried out by March 2016, will include feasibility studies of the technical concepts; assessments regarding functionality and safety; cost-benefit analysis and calculation of payback times; establishing environmental footprint; and establishing a basis for further development and funding.
In phase two the business cases for all the major players in the value chain – logistics companies, ship owners, gas and power suppliers and vendors of equipment and services – will be developed. Regulatory, financial and procurement policies and incentives will also be explored in cooperation with the government. And parties will agree on how bottlenecks shall be resolved.
In phase three the project partners will develop an implementation plan with emission reduction and socioeconomic goals, including value creation and employment. And in phase four the projects will be implemented. The projects are envisioned as running for up to 30 years, although short-term results will be achieved through presentations in each phase of the programme.
“We have the vision that we shall establish the world’s most effective environmentally friendly fleet in coastal shipping, with a focus on LNG and batteries in this phase,” said Mjøs. ”Green Coastal Shipping is about profitable emission reduction with escalation potential. It is about green jobs. And it is about [making] Norwegian coastal shipping a showcase to the world as well as an incubator of, and an export platform for, green technologies.”
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